Ovarian cysts are common among women during their childbearing years, and if they rupture, they can lead to a medical emergency. With more than 20 years of experience as an OBGYN, Stephen Ehiremen, MD, diagnoses and treats women with ovarian cysts at his practice, TriState OBGYN PC, in Memphis, Tennessee. If you want a caring and compassionate team to help you with your ovarian cysts, book an appointment online or over the phone today.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries. There are different types of ovarian cysts, including:
Follicle cysts form during your menstrual cycle when an unfertilized egg matures and grows inside a follicle. If the follicle doesn’t break open to release the egg, it can continue to grow into a cyst.
If a follicle releases an egg during your menstrual cycle, but the follicle fails to shrink, it can fill with fluid and become a corpus luteum cyst.
Endometriomas are cysts made of endometrial tissue that grow outside the uterus near the ovaries.
Dermoid cysts are made up of cells that are present from birth.
Cystadenomas are fluid-filled sacs that develop from tissues that line the pelvic cavity.
In some cases, the ovaries can also form many small cysts, which is called polycystic ovary syndrome.
Ovarian cysts form due to four main causes, including:
While some cysts go away on their own, other cysts may become very large and require treatment. In most cases, cysts have no symptoms, but if they continue to grow, cysts can cause:
If a cyst ruptures, you can experience bleeding and severe, debilitating pain. This can become an emergency situation if you lose too much blood or the pain is unbearable.
If you have symptoms of an ovarian cyst, Dr. Ehiremen will perform a pelvic exam to feel for tenderness or swelling that might indicate a cyst. If Dr. Ehiremen suspects a cyst, he’ll then perform a diagnostic ultrasound in the office.
Other tests may include pregnancy testing, blood work, and hormone level testing to check for other causes of your symptoms.
In most cases, ovarian cysts go away on their own. If an ovarian cyst is causing symptoms, Dr. Ehiremen may recommend pain medications or hormonal birth control to relieve your symptoms and to stop your cyst from growing. In severe cases, Dr. Ehiremen may recommend surgical removal.
If you suspect you have an ovarian cyst, book an appointment with TriState OBGYN PC online or over the phone today.